Gardaí are investigating a fatal road traffic collision which occurred on the N15 at Cartron, Bundoran Road, Sligo this evening at approximately 6.40pm.A female pedestrian, who was 86 years, suffered serious injuries when she was struck by a car.“She was brought to Sligo General Hospital where she was later pronounced dead. A post mortem is to be arranged,” said a Garda spokesman. No other injuries were reported.The road – the main route between Donegal and Sligo – is currently closed to facilitate Garda Forensic Collision Investiagtors. Diversions are in place. WOMAN, (86), KNOCKED DOWN AND KILLED was last modified: December 9th, 2014 by John2Share this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:bundoran roadGarda accidentsligo road
Could Chelsea yet launch a serious challenge for the Premier League title this season? Some oddsmakers seem to think so.Having lost talisman Eden Hazard to Real Madrid, and with an inexperienced new manager in Frank Lampard hampered by the Blues’ transfer ban, they were initially seen as unlikely to challenge at the top.But they went into the international break with that perception beginning to change.They are certainly big favourites to win their next game, at home to Newcastle, with one of the best online gambling sites in the UK, 22Bet.Incidentally, you can get 25/4 on Chelsea’s struggling rivals Tottenham losing at home to Watford when the Premier League resumes.Beyond then, it looks like it could be a campaign to remember for Chelsea despite the early-season gloom following the 4-0 defeat at Manchester United in their opening game. The youngsters are deliveringThat transfer ban looks a blessing in disguise as it has led to a raft of youngsters being given their chance to shine. And they’ve stepped up emphatically, with the likes of Tammy Abraham making their mark.Abraham’s opener in the 4-1 win at Southampton was his eighth in the league this season and continued the brilliant form which led to him being recalled to the England squad.He was joined in that squad by fellow academy products Mason Mount and Fikayo Tomori, who have been superb since being promoted to the first team by Lampard, having played under him on loan at Derby County last season.Reece James has also caught the eye and with Callum Hudson-Odoi now back from injury – not to mention the slightly older Ruben Loftus-Cheek also on the comeback trail – the years of waiting for homegrown talent to emerge might soon seem a distant memory.More to comeThe exciting thing for Chelsea is that there is reason to believe the season can only get better – and they went into the international break in fifth place, just two points behind second-placed Manchester City.Hudson-Odoi will need time to regain his sharpness and James to find his feet in the top flight, while N’Golo Kante is building up his fitness after injury problems and Antonio Rudiger is on the way back from injury along with Loftus-Cheek.And with the possibility of new signings in January if Chelsea’s appeal against the transfer ban is upheld by the Court of Arbitration for Sport, the Blues could well become significantly stronger in the coming months. Shut the back doorOn a less positive note for Lampard, Chelsea have looked vulnerable at the back at times. Rudiger’s return is important and should have an effect. The German has been a big loss and if he can get himself fully fit again, he could make all the difference.If Lampard’s side can tighten up at the back, the attacking flair they’ve shown suggests they will be a force to be reckoned with this season. A top-four finish is certainly the least they should be aiming for. Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebookby Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksRecommended for youAspireAbove.comRemember Pauley Perrette? Try Not To Smile When You See Her NowAspireAbove.comUndoLifestly.com25 Celebs You Didn’t Realize Are Gay – No. 8 Will Surprise WomenLifestly.comUndoUsed Cars | Search AdsUsed Cars in Tuen Mun Might Be Cheaper Than You ThinkUsed Cars | Search AdsUndoHappyTricks.comHer House Always Smells Amazing – Try her Unique Trick!HappyTricks.comUndoFood World Magazine15 Fruits that Burn Fat Like CrazyFood World MagazineUndoTopCars15 Ugliest Cars Ever MadeTopCarsUndoDrhealth35 Foods That Should Never Be Placed in the RefrigeratorDrhealthUndoTopexpensive.comThe 20 Most Expensive Cities for Your VacationTopexpensive.comUndo
The trend towards greater global economic integration over the past three decades has resulted in significant changes to the organisation of economics and politics, particularly at the level of cities.Growing cross-national economic activity has resulted in new supranational financial and business arrangements (the G7/8, OECD, World Bank, IMF and World Trade Organisation), the formation of multination blocs (the EU, Nafta, Asean, Apec, Caricom, SADC and, more recently, Nepad/AU), the de-bordering of economic sectors, and the emergence of region-based forms of economic and political organisation, sometimes referred to as global city-regions.A new initiative by South African cities is in response to the impact of global economic integration on cities, and the changing role of cities within the global and national economy.The newly formed South African Cities Support and Learning Network (Cities Network) brings together nine of the country’s largest cities together with the South African Local Government Association (Salga). One of the network’s major aims is the sharing of information and expertise to “focus on the role of cities in the global and national economy”.The network originated at a meeting last year between the mayors and city managers of the nine largest cities in South Africa, together with Provincial and Local Government Minister Sydney Mufamadi. It was agreed then to establish a forum to promote shared learning between cities.Andrew Boraine, adviser to Mufamadi, said: “The name of the game now is regional cooperation and not competition between cities.”While the SA Cities Network focuses on the full scope of the urban management process, four thematic focus areas have been identified:City economic development;City responses to HIV/Aids;Urban indicators; andUrban transport.The Economic Development programme will concentrate on rethinking and defining economic development strategies for SA cities. A key feature of the project is to allow the cities to improve contacts and links with national government and the private sector. According to the Cities Network, there is a “lack of coordination” between government departments and metropolitan regions and cities.“For example, the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) has many programmes available to promote higher levels of investment and to increase access to international markets. However, many metropolitan municipalities have insufficient knowledge of these programmes.“In addition, there tends to be very little connection between parastatals and national agencies such as Transnet, Portnet, Intersite, Metrorail and ACSA (the Airports Company of South Africa), whose investment decisions have enormous impact on cities, and the cities themselves”.Boraine added: “We also plan to develop a common trade and investment strategy for South African cities in partnership with the Department of Trade and Industry”.A driving force behind the initiative is the need to compete in the global arena. Globalisation has led to cities having to re-evaluate their position and ability to promote trade and attract investment and technology.Boraine said: “We need to harness the benefits of globalisation and control the negative effects such as the marginalisation and growing inequality between and within countries.”The Cities Network points out that well-managed cities are a pre-requisite for attracting investment, and are essential for national competitiveness. “The quality of the locality is now an important criterion for investment decisions, in addition to costs, infrastructure and availability of skills”.With an estimated 70-75% of South Africa’s population expected to be living in urban areas within the space of a generation, and between 70-80% of gross domestic product (GDP) already being generated in the cities, the “economic viability and sustainability of cities is critical for national economic performance”.South Africa’s citiesSouth Africa’s cities are relatively small by global standards, with the only megacity (10 million people plus) being located in the Gauteng urban region (a combination of the areas of Johannesburg, Pretoria and the East and West Rand).As a result of both its geography and political history, South Africa has a relatively balanced hierarchy of cities and towns. As a middle-level developing country, South Africa also possesses a higher level of resources to address a range of urban challenges than many other developing countries.However, the difficulties and challenges faced by South African cities, particularly in the context of the impact of globalisation, are enormous.In line with worldwide trends, South Africa’s population is rapidly urbanising (see box on right). While the urban transition presents challenges of poverty, homelessness and marginalisation, it also presents opportunities for economic growth and social development.With the ongoing insertion of South Africa into the global economy, and the tendency towards concentration of firms in urban areas, the importance of metropolitan regions in South Africa is rapidly increasing.At a Cities Network planning workshop held in February this year at Stellenbosch, Minister Mufamadi said: “As a specialist urban-focused forum, the Cities Network will have a role to play in accessing data, generating ideas and providing examples of best practice.” He went on to say that “our cities are in competition with urban regions around the world for an increasingly mobile capital”.
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest By Matt ReeseIn the heavy lakebed soils just off the shores of Lake Erie, hay is an important part of the Gahler farm, though not necessarily an easy fit. Hay compliments the cattle and row crops for the farm and capitalizes on the unique soils.“My Grandpa and his brother had a dairy and sold out in the late 60s. Dad and his three brothers began taking over after that and in addition to the grain crops they grew several specialty crops over the years. My uncle Ed started the hay operation, making small bales for primarily horse markets in the late 70s,” said Al Gahler, who is now involved in the hay operation with his uncle. “It is a completely alfalfa-based program. In relation to other crops we have a higher percentage of hay in this area. With our lakebed clay soils the alfalfa does really well in the crop rotation. We can get a good hay crop even in a drought year. We don’t want a drought, but a touch on the dry side is better for everything in Ottawa County. Last year was almost perfect for hay here. We were baling hay on May 15 last year, which is the earliest ever. When grain farmers think it is too dry we go out and make good hay.”The hay operation has evolved significantly over the years for the Ottawa County farm.“We were all small square bales on 50 acres doing everything the old fashioned way loading on wagons and stacking in mows. We began expanding the hay operation as my generation became more involved and in 2011 we bought a big square baler. We went from 150 acres of small bales up to around 400 acres now with 90% big bales. We also bale around 500 acres of straw and we put up a total of about 6,000 big bales of hay and straw a year,” Al said. “Most of our fields are mixed. Only 25% of our hay is pure alfalfa. Everything else has a timothy and orchardgrass mix. There is a crimper on the haybine so it is a one-pass system of cut and crimp. Then we ted if needed depending on the conditions. We use a tedder a lot more on those foggy mornings in August and September. In a perfect world it is a three-pass system: mow/crimp, rake and bale.”The weather, of course, makes the situation far from perfect.“Weather is by far the biggest challenge,” Ed said. “Normally you need three days of drying and sunshine to get hay dry. If we get a wind off Lake Erie it takes moisture off the lake, drops the temperatures and hay takes an extra day to dry.”To speed up the process, a liquid preservative is applied to the hay through the baler.“You need it 15% moisture typically for dry hay but with the preservative we can bale into the low 20s and gain quality because we retain more leaves. Without it we’d have to cut production by 25% because we’d never get it all dried and done,” Al said. “We also wet wrap when we can’t get it dry. We maybe do that with 10% of the crop each year. Then it is essentially for the dairy or beef market. It costs more to make and there are logistical challenges because you’re hauling half water, but you can store it outside. It limits the markets because only a small amount of people can handle those. You can’t puncture the wrap because it will spoil and you need the right equipment to handle them.”Hay is generally produced for at least 5 years in a field.“Typically you budget for a 5-year stand but depending on management you can get 7 to 10 years out of a stand. Those higher management fields only stay in production 5 years. To get high quality dairy feed it needs to be cut every 25 to 30 days. The dairies need the best quality, which requires the most management. For horses, it just needs to be made properly and there is typically grass in the mix,” Al said. “We do GPS grid sampling at least every 3 years. Typically we spread fertilizer after first and third cuttings for replacement value. In the years we are not soil sampling we spread based on replacement of tonnage from that field. We look at harvest records and spread accordingly.“In the years we soil sample, we may GPS spread fertilizer to match higher application rates with the highest production areas of the field, and the low yielding areas won’t get as much since less crop means less nutrient removal in those spots. We match the amount of P and K pulled out of the ground with a spilt application. We use very little N because the alfalfa is providing N for the grass. The other challenge fertility wise is lime because the pH is important. We lime maybe every 3 or 4 years, depending on soil tests.”Each field has to be managed based upon the specifics of the situation.“For dairy hay you want to cut four or five times to maximize quality, but a successful year is cutting three times off of all your acres. Those fields with less alfalfa are cut less often because we don’t get the grass growth in the summer,” Al said. “We shoot to start baling by May 20 and we like to be done by Sept. 15 to preserve the health of the plant. The plant needs 30 days of growth before a killing frost to properly prepare for winter, but if you have good dry weather with a good re-growth on the crop in late September, it can be tough to walk away from that crop from a cash flow standpoint. But if there is no top cover and you get an early frost, you expose the crown of the plant to heaving and disease problems. Then, come greenup, your plants are slow to start and may experience crown loss.”Keeping a watchful eye for disease and insect problems is important.“Disease issues like crown rot can show up if it is wet and we can lose a whole crop. You really struggle to even get it established in wet ground. Alfalfa is not a wet tolerant plant, and there are also fungal issues,” Al said. “Occasionally — not very often — we’ll spray fungicides but they are expensive. In an extremely wet year that fungus will work its way up the plant and kill leaves. Fungicide preserves leaves but it also makes for a longer drydown period.“Most years we do use one application of insecticide, maybe two. Alfalfa weevil can really hurt leaf development on the first cutting. We primarily use airplane sprays, since you would damage so much of the crop with ground application. We spray for alfalfa weevil in May and potato leafhopper sometimes requires a second application in summer. It shows up every year and is more severe in dry years. We use research-based thresholds to determine if and when to spray, and to make sure the insecticide will pay for itself. Most of the products can be used seven days before harvest but some can be up to 14 days while others are only two or three, depending on the rate.”After the hay crop, the field goes into a row-crop rotation.“You want to take advantage of the nitrogen from the alfalfa, so after hay we go with corn,” Ed said. “Then we go beans to wheat back to hay. Sometimes we have two or three grain cycles before going back to alfalfa.”Once a quality hay crop is made it must be stored properly to maintain its value. Proper facilities have been a large investment for the farm.Blacktop floors have been an important change for maintaining quality hay during storage.“Our storage barns are pole buildings for the big bales. They look more like machine sheds,” Al said. “Concrete floors can sweat. We have found that blacktop is the best flooring. Bales will perspire and push moisture to the outside of the bale. Blacktop is breathable and it does not sweat like concrete. And moisture from the bales just sits there on concrete. We also store straw on the bottom so we don’t have ‘bottom’ bales of hay that are slightly damaged and less marketable.”Along with the countless production challenges of hay comes a set of endless marketing challenges.“At least 50% of our hay goes to horse markets. A good portion of that goes to eastern Ohio in the Amish/Mennonite corridor. More of them are using big bales, especially if they have boarding facilities or brood mares,” Al said. “They either have a tractor or skid steer now or neighbors that will unload and stack for them. Some of them wheel the bales around on dolly carts and feed a slice at a time. Some of the benefit for them is cost but also convenience. If they can find a way to get the big bales in the barn they make it work with less labor. The pure alfalfa goes to dairies in the east.”The prices for the hay are set based upon hay auction prices.“Most of it is sold direct, some is picked up here and some delivered. When we deliver, many buyers do not have large storage areas and we are only taking loads of 20 to 24 bales at a time and it creates a challenge for logistics. We sell some at auction, maybe 10%. Some goes through brokers. When we get out of state markets it can be expensive to ship, but we send a lot of straw out of state,” Al said. “Reputation is really important in marketing, especially out of state. If you want to sell hay at a good price you need to deliver the quality you promise.”A good buyer/seller relationship is extremely important for hay.“You have to find customers you feel comfortable dealing with,” Ed said. “The Amish guys we work with want good hay and they don’t want to go spend a whole day at the sale so they are willing to pay good prices for it. Many of them are not farming anymore but they are still using horses for transportation to off farm jobs like making cabinets, and those that are farming need the best quality hay for their work horses.”The hay business is definitely hard work, but it fits in well with the cattle and grain operation. And with proper care, marketing and production techniques, hay not only fills the barns, but also valuable economic and agronomic roles for the Gahler farm.
Green builders usually specify high-performance windows and above-code levels of insulation, while striving to reduce air leaks in their homes. As a result of these efforts, most green homes have relatively low heating and cooling loads.Increasingly, these low-load buildings are being heated and cooled by ductless minisplits or ducted minisplits. Many of these air-source heat pumps have ratings in the 9,000 to 15,000 Btu/h range — an appropriate range for low-load houses. Because they are fueled by electricity, these systems are a good match for a home equipped with a roof-mounted photovoltaic system.Of course, there are still plenty of builders who have their doubts about minisplits. Some wonder whether it’s really possible to heat and cool a house with just one or two ductless minisplits; others wonder whether every bedroom needs a separate heater or forced-air register. (GBA has published a quite a few articles on those topics; for links to these articles, see the “Related Articles” sidebar below.)In this article, I won’t be addressing questions about cold bedrooms or providing advice on bedroom door operation. Instead, I’ll assume that readers know how many ductless or ducted units they want to install — but just want some guidance on equipment selection.To keep things simple, this article will focus on just two manufacturers: Mitsubishi and Fujitsu. These two brands have captured a strong percentage of the U.S. market for minisplits, and both companies manufacture equipment that works well in cold climates. Start with a load calculation When designing a heating and cooling system, the first step is always to perform a heating and cooling load calculation — ideally one using the Manual J method.Be careful: many HVAC contractors don’t know how to perform these calculations. The vast majority… Start Free Trial Already a member? Log in This article is only available to GBA Prime Members Sign up for a free trial and get instant access to this article as well as GBA’s complete library of premium articles and construction details.
APTN National NewsNunavut has been trying to deal with its suicide epidemic through a coroner’s inquiry over the last few weeks.The jury for that inquiry made 30 recommendations.APTN’s Kent Driscoll sat down with Nunavut’s coroner.