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09 Better peaches

first_imgVolume XXXINumber 1Page 9 By Kathryn TaylorUniversity of GeorgiaWhat can you do in five minutes with one tree, a piece of plasticand a pair of pliers? For one thing, you can get bigger, sweeterpeaches. Research conducted at the University of Georgia has shown thatgirdling peaches with plastic cable ties effectively increasesthe size and total sugars in the fruits without hurting the tree.The traditional girdling method involves removing a thin strip ofbark from around the trunk or scaffold of a fruit tree. Thiskeeps the sugars made by the leaves in the upper part of the treewhere the fruit is.A better wayThe problem with this method is the formation of wounds thatinsects can infest or diseases infect.Using cable ties to girdle the tree, though, doesn’t cause anyinjury. Besides making this year’s peaches bigger and sweeter,cable-tie girdling advances the maturity and possibly improvesthe quality of fruiting wood for next year’s crop.Refining the best method for this practice is still a work inprogress. UGA researchers are continuing their work to learn asmuch they can about the technique’s effectiveness.For example, the method relies on having enough time afterplacing the cable tie for the tree’s girth to grow enough for thecable tie to constrict the sugar movement down the tree’s axis.It appears that it doesn’t work as well for early-maturingcultivars as later ones.How it worksCable ties are placed on the trunk or scaffold branches 4 to 6inches below or above the crotch. A rolling motion with pliers isused to completely tighten the ties.The first research used two 3/16th-inch plastic cable ties perscaffold or trunk. But subsequent tests have switched to a single1/3- to 1/2-inch cable tie. Black ties appear to hold up betterthan white ties.You have to remove the ties at or just after harvest so the treecan recover.Studies have been done only with applying ties to fully dormanttrees during the winter. Studies are under way to see if applyingties in the fall, before the leaves fall, will make it moreeffective on early varieties.In Georgia, the method works best on irrigated trees andvarieties that ripen in early June or later. It works best, too,on tree trunks that aren’t damaged or otherwise misshapened,which keeps the tie from making tight contact around the wholetree.(Kathy Taylor is a horticulturist with the University ofGeorgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences.)last_img read more

Arsenal defy subdued Wenger send off to hammer West Ham

first_imgBut there were only sporadic chants of “there’s only one Arsene Wenger” from the home support, whilst, continuing a trend in recent home games, empty seats could be seen around the Emirates.“I’m not resentful,” added Wenger. “I just feel if my personality is in the way of what I think our club needs, for me that is more important than me.”Share on: WhatsApp Pages: 1 2 “Overall, the image we gave is not what it is and not what I like.”In his programme notes Wenger reiterated his plea for the fans to get behind the team for the rest of the season with Arsenal still in with a chance of qualifying for next season’s Champions League via the Europa League. The Gunners are on course for their worst-ever finish of Wenger’s reign in the Premier League as they languish in sixth, six points behind Chelsea, despite goals from Nacho Monreal, Aaron Ramsey and two late strikes from Alexandre Lacazette ensuring a comfortable victory over West Ham.“The fans did not give me the image of unity I want all over the world and that was hurtful because I think the club is respected,” said Wenger.center_img London, United Kingdom | AFP | Arsene Wenger decided to bring his 22-year reign as manager to a close to unite the club’s frustrated fanbase, the Frenchman revealed after a 4-1 victory over West Ham was played out in a surprisingly subdued atmosphere at the Emirates on Sunday.Wenger, 68, had come under growing pressure to go by supporters prior to making his decision public on Friday.Arsenal have won three Premier League titles and a record seven FA Cups under Wenger, but haven’t won the league for 14 years.last_img read more